Choosing Between Polyurethane Finish Types

There are different types of polyurethane finishes. These may be water based or oil based. You can have different paint finishes like semi-gloss, high-gloss or satin finish. This plastic based resin can be applied on many materials including fiberglass, fabrics, metals and plastics. However, it’s most frequently used for wooden materials. The idea of applying polyurethane finish is to enhance the life of different items, as it can resist water and chemicals including gasoline. Since it comes in many forms, it’s important to read the instructions of the manufacturer to assess if it is a polyurethane floor finish or meant for external polyurethane finish.

Solvent Based Finish

The working of solvent based and water based polyurethane is different. The chemical reaction that takes place bonds the polymers so strongly that even mineral spirits fail to take away the finish from the surface after the process has been completed. A very important precaution that needs to be taken when working with solvent based polyurethane is to ensure that the working area is adequately ventilated. That is to save you from the harmful fumes emitted from the surface of the furniture.

Water Based Finish

Though the water based polyurethane finish dries fast and is easier to clean, the work should still be carried in a well ventilated area as there is emission of fumes, though milder in nature. One must use safety gear like safety goggles and mask while staining wooden furniture or hardwood floors with polyurethane finish to prevent the skin from getting in contact with the finish. Fabric or paper mask are unable to filter the fumes and should not be used for the purpose. Since polyurethane finish is highly flammable, it should not be applied close to a furnace or exposed flame.

You can procure polyurethane finish in buckets as also in spray cans. Further, you may have it as a clear topcoat or in numerous colors. Spray cans of polyurethane finish are available at most hobby shops. The product sold in can is already mixed and ready to use. Polyurethane finish is hard thick and glossy, quite like car finish. It’s perfect for making models because it delivers a perfect glossy finish and can resist many fluids. For that reason it’s perfect for refinishing of furniture too.

How To Use Polyurethane Finish

The critical factor for staining of wood is its proper preparation. If polyurethane finish is to be used for large projects, it is important to mix the finish and the catalyst properly; else the final finish may develop bubbles or cracks after use. When used for finishing fresh wooden surfaces for the first time or for refinishing hardwood floors, the surface should be thoroughly cleaned before hand. Here are some helpful tips for application of polyurethane finishes for hardwood floors or other such large wooden areas.

The first step is to sand the wood, followed by cleaning with a vacuum cleaner. Then, wipe the surface clean with a lint-free cloth. Make sure that there is no dust or debris on the surface. Next, you apply a thin coat of the finish and let it get cured. The curing time for water based polyurethane finish is about one hour, whereas it takes four hours for the solvent based variety to get dried up. When working in humid areas, the drying time increases. Once again, clean the surface and apply another coat of polyurethane finish. Let the coat get cured. You should understand that applying a number of thinner coats gives far better results than applying a few thicker coats. It’s important that you sand and clean at the end of each application of coat.

So, that’s all you need to know about polyurethane finish. You can procure tinted or clear variety of polyurethane finish in bucket or can. See that the surface is well prepared before application of the finish to get a silky glossy finish of wooden items.

Your Garage Floor Coating Options

There are many options these days, if you like to provide a protective coating to garage floor. There are two important advantages of coating the garage floor. Of course, the obvious one is that it changes the looks of the floor, making it to be more presentable and respectful and that certainly is a pleasure. The other and main advantage is that it offers protection to the concrete sub floor. It doesn’t get damaged so easily and is better equipped to bear the normal abuses such floors are exposed to. Apart from safeguarding the floor, it also safeguards you by making the floor non-slippery, despite getting covered with a mixture of water and oil.

There are two main types of coating for the garage floor that shield its concrete floor. These are epoxy and polyurethane. Of the two, epoxy coatings get preference of most householders as they yield an extraordinarily hard surface on getting cured. An epoxy comprises of two materials: the resin and the hardener. The two materials are stored separately till about the time of application. That’s because within ten minutes or so of mixing the two components, the process of curing starts. So, at one time you should prepare mixture just enough for about six square feet of floor area, thus getting sufficient time to roll it over the floor before it begins to get cured. The floor needs to be cured for eighteen hours before you could walk over it. However, it needs three days to allow you to move your car on the new garage floor.

If you put in color flecks on the floor after epoxy has been applied but before it has fully cured, you get additional safety by way of firmer footing and the floor gets a fine accent. You may choose flecks in colors that complement the color of your car or the color of paint already applied over the house. Having flecks on the floor minimizes chances of a slip, even if the floor were wet due a mixture of water and oil.

Polyurethane is the other type of garage floor coating. This coating is very tough and therefore long lasting. Compared to epoxy this is more elastic. It’s not much prone to wearing over continued use despite being exposed to sunlight that may enter through the windows or door of the garage. The downside is that its application necessarily needs two processes. First you need to apply a coating of primer, followed by application of polyurethane. Quite like epoxy, it may be tinted and you could also put in color flecks.

You also get floor paints and they work like any other paint, offering no protection against any spills. Coating of garage floor isn’t a difficult DIY project. It protects not only the floor, but also reduces the chances of accidents even in case of spills.

Don’t Ignore The Quality Of Paint

There is nothing like home when you want to relax or take rest. For that reason everybody likes to have the skills required for making a home warm and comfortable. For instance, some skills are required while buying an appropriate timber door.

It’s easily the design of the product that matters the most. The door should have a design that takes care of functional requirements. A timber door is expected to have good aesthetic features, long lasting and provide easy installation among other properties. Some people purchase door for the functionality it offers, while others may go for its looks and aesthetic appeal and there are people who buy it for good taste. Then, there are many who like to have all these features in the door. Whatever is the priority on their mind, its processing can’t be overlooked.

While producing timber door, the manufacturer should take into consideration the viability of its processing and the quality of the product. The quality of product goes to include high quality of raw material, strict quality control, and excellent service after sales and technical assistance before sales. The secondary stage of manufacturing involves painting and decoration of the product. The class of paint used has a direct bearing on its later use. All together, the expenditure on paint forms a substantial component of the production expenses.

Generally, paints comprise of oil plants, thinner, resin and supplementary materials. Solvents like acetone and ethyl acetate play a significant role in the process of manufacturing. On the whole paint may be classified as alkyd paint, polyurethane paint, phenolic paint, polyester paint and nitro lacquer. Depending on its composition, the paint has its own exclusive characteristics. For instance, production of nitro lacquer needs a simple operation. But its thin film and not so comfortable feel on hands makes it rather unsatisfactory. Likewise, their poor adhesion property and bad texture discouraged the use of alkyd paint and phenolic paint to the point of near extinction. Polyester paints are formulated to provide a larger covering capacity with high transparency. However, polyurethane paints are very expensive to produce and have pollution issues during and after manufacturing. Yet, these are soft and comparatively environment friendly. On the whole they have good properties, encouraging their use for covering most timber doors.

So, you need to consider the quality of paint used on the timber door while buying the same. The feel that the door gives to your hands and its texture largely depends on the quality and type of paint used.

Polyurethane Paints – Using Them Properly

If you are into model or raft making, you can depend upon Polyurethane Paints to give you a hard glossy finish. These paints can be applied to any surface. There are different kinds of polyurethane, so there are different ways of applying its different types. The intended use and the size of the project determine the most appropriate way of applying such paints.

Identification: These paints are commonly used for crafts. These paints deliver a hard, glossy, and thick finish, that’s more like an automobile finish, because of which they are frequently used for marine and boats application.

Features: polyurethane is a plastic based compound and is used for making many items, from baby toys to buildings. Depending on the process of manufacturing and the formulation the output may be soft for making liquid varnishes or hard for making furniture. Polyurethane paints are available in the form of semi gloss satin or high gloss furniture. These are used for most types of plastics, fiberglass, fabrics and metals. Apart from giving a perfectly glossy finish, these paints have another characteristic of being resistant to water and gasoline, encouraging their use for model making. Though these paints take longer to get dried up, the coating is thick and durable.

Types: These paints come in many colors including clear topcoat. Usually stores sell these paints in ready to use form contained in spray cans. Their handling needs extra care as in case of the drying catalyst not being mixed correctly, the final finish could crack or bubble may appear after use. Thinner polyurethane paints give better results on being used for painting model airplanes or fabrics.

Most of the polyurethane paints are applied using a spray can or spray gun. Some formulations of paints with polyurethane can be applied using a brush. Polyurethane paints are not suggested for painting homes, though clear finishes of polyurethane are may be applied on furniture, floors and woodworks.

Using Polyurethane And Epoxy Paint On Concrete Surfaces

It’s imperative to use water based coating at places like food manufacturing units, hospitals, pharmaceutical industries, canteens and schools as solvent based products may prove harmful when used at places handling edibles. Epoxy Floor Paint is water based and emits no odor at the time of application and subsequently when in use also. This material is extremely durable as it can resist abrasion, impact, and general wear and tear.

Because of these characteristics it finds a wide application in heavy traffic areas and industries. Characteristically, it is resistant to water, grease, oil, and chemicals including acids and alkalis, thus prompting the use of Epoxy Floor Paint as a dependable material for use in places like workshops, warehouses, and garages. Surfaces painted with such paints are easy to clean and maintain, thus helping creating hygienic healthy environments.

Apart from local paints, Industrial primer paint may also be used on cemented and non-ferrous surfaces. For getting best results from this paint the floor should be coated with the industrial paint. It comes in many colors, enabling you to choose the one you like most for any flat surface. As Epoxy Floor Paint is also available in different finishes such as gloss, semi gloss and matte finish, the concrete floor gets a stunning look. Polyurethane paint in combination with Concrete anti corrosive primer paint gives incredible results. The other most helpful feature of this floor paint is that unlike most other paints it retains anti slipping property. It offers high resistance to slipping on being applied with some grits over the wet paint. This anti slipping property can further be improved by applying anti slip aggregates amid the two coats of Epoxy Floor Paint.

One liter of such paint easily suffices to cover 5 to 10 square meters of area, depending on the finish and the consistency of the surface. It has excellent adhesion qualities making it ideal for any substrate. At times just one coat may suffice but application of two coats ensures to give a finer and richer look. The touch dry and hard dry time for this floor paint varies on its formulation adopted by the manufacturer. A good product can have a touch dry time as short as 30-45 minutes while others may take a couple of hours to become touch dry.

That should leave no doubt that Primer paint is really an adaptable option to have tough and glossy finish at affordable expense.